Cutters are experts who cut soft materials (leathers or fabrics) into pieces that are used to create fashion or leather goods items.
They know all about different fabric types, can determine whether a material is prone to bleed, fade, or stain, and can identify the tiniest imperfections. They wear in the fabrics with steam to prevent shrinking, or back them with thermofoil or organza.
Working from a pattern, cutters use a variety of tools depending on the material and purpose of the item to be created: hand or electric scissors, cutting irons, a die cutter, or a pre-configured machine.
Once the fabric has been cut, the cutter will position it based on the pattern, working in the direction of the warp thread and ensuring the embroidered motifs are joined meticulously.
When making shoes, the patternmaker-cutter undertakes a specific exercise: the model is designed on the block according to the proportions set out in the sketch. Over the last ten years, digital technology has become a part of this artisanal process.
The cutter’s art combines creativity with adaptability. It is the preserve of small runs of luxury products or even bespoke items. This savoir-faire can only be learned in a workshop under the mentorship of a skilled, experienced cutter.
Learn more about the industry and career opportunities by visiting the
Savoir pour faire website.
Learn more about the educational programs dedicated to the cutter métier by visiting the Observatoire des métiers website.
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This craft is practiced at le19M by the following Maison d'arts :